In accordance with the Strategy 2010-2018, Red Crescent Society of Kyrgyzstan (RCSK) is responsible for emergency response, preparedness and risk reduction for the achievement of an integrated approach to managing natural disasters. The Red Crescent of Kyrgyzstan signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic (MoES), which clearly defines the role and responsibilities of the RCSK in disaster management. RCSK has experience in implementing disaster risk reduction projects at the community level in all oblasts of Kyrgyzstan. Currently, in five oblasts (Batken, Osh, Jalal-Abad, Talas and Naryn), various DRR projects are being implemented, covering more than 40 communities.
In Kyrgyzstan, a large number of natural disasters occur, such as earthquakes, mudflows, avalanches, floods and landslides. From 2005 to 2017over 3,000 small and medium-scale emergencies occurred in the country. Among other things, Kyrgyzstan experienced a number of economic and social problems that affected the situation of food security, tension in households, which eventually led to an increase in internal and external migration - the more vulnerable groups of the population are leaving the country. In this situation, it is very important that RCSK be ready to address the tasks aimed at expanding the disaster risk management system.
In Kyrgyzstan there are a large number of sources of danger, as well as their growth, with various factors that threaten the life and health of our society. Increase in production and construction sites, the stressful situations arise with the increase of the number of populations in large cities that lead to various acute chronic diseases, have a negative impact on the daily life of our society. And also, the intensive increase of road accidents, with adverse consequences, leads to an increase the number of injured and fatal accidents.
In many cases of getting injures, the victims need first aid before the arrival of the ambulance. People who are at the scene of the incident, because of the lack of necessary knowledge, cannot provide the necessary assistance, and even on the contrary, worsen the condition of the victims by their actions. The dissemination of knowledge and skills for the First Pre-Medical Assistance among the population could make a positive contribution to reducing mortality and preventing further damage in case of accidents. Compulsory training of the first aid skills could reduce adverse outcomes with accidents, in particular in cases of accidents.
The National Red Crescent Society of the Kyrgyz Republic, guided by the International Standards for the First Aid of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, as well as the programs for training first aid knowledge and skills, approved by the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Ministry of Education of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic educates population throughout the country on the First Aid skills. RCSK has a sufficient number of trained and highly qualified trainers at the regional and district levels. Red Crescent of Kyrgyzstan undertakes this activity in the equipped training halls using modern mannequins and consumables.
The activities of psychosocial support are being implemented according to the recommendations of:
- The Humanitarian Charter and the minimum standards applied in the provision of humanitarian assistance "Sphere" in 2011, where there are 4 principles of protection. One of which (the third principle) speaks of "giving people protection from physical and psychological harm caused as a result of an emergency";
- the three objectives of the Strategy of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies 2020, which are also promoted by the Resource Center for Psychosocial Support of the IFRC (to save lives, protect livelihoods and enhance recovery from disasters and crises, ensure healthy and safe living, promote social integration and a culture of peace and non-violence);
- According to the provisions of the Law of the Kyrgyz Republic "On the Basics of Social Services for the Population in the Kyrgyz Republic" of December 19, 2001, No. 111, where there are concepts of providing social assistance, the circle of persons with whom RCSK is also working is outlined.
The activity of the tracing Service or Restoring Family Links programme has been working since 1992, with the technical and consultative assistance of the International Committee of the Red Cross. This activity is regulated by the following documents:
• The Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949 and the Additional Protocols thereto of June 8, 1977
• The Charter of the Movement and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, adopted on November 23-26, 1987.
• Resolutions of International Conferences of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
• Resolutions of the Council of Delegates, the Seville Agreement and Additional Measures.
• The Family Link Recovery Strategy (and implementation plan) 2008-2018.
• The Charter of the RCSK, in accordance with the objectives of its humanitarian activities.
• Strategy of the National Red Crescent Society 2017-2020.
The Kyrgyz Republic, since gaining its independence, has undergone a difficult path of becoming an independent state. Over the past years of independence, the Republic has faced various conflict situations, which were accompanied with great human sacrifices and remain a bloodstain in the modern history of the state. These are such conflicts as the Batken events of 1999 and 2000, the Aksy events in Jalal-Abad Oblast in 2002, mass demonstrations in 2005 and 2010 that led to the overthrow of state power and the change of the country's authority, the June events in Osh and Jalal-Abad regions in 2010. These events were accompanied by violent confrontations and large human casualties. The provision of humanitarian services in today's complex and changing environment is becoming increasingly difficult. In order to be able to respond effectively in this environment, a solid basis is needed to improve organizational structures, build capacity and ensure preparedness for emergency response. In this connection, the building of the institutional capacity of the RCSK in the sphere of responding to such situations of violence is a necessity for ensuring the national society’s functional. The most important direction in this activity is the establishment of closer cooperation between the RCSK with the leading state structures of Kyrgyzstan and the law enforcement agencies (the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the KR, the Ministry of Health of the KR, the General Staff, the State Fire Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic, etc.) with the signing of Memorandums. Another important area is the public awareness activities in the border areas to prevent the escalation of conflicts related to unresolved issues on the delimitation and demarcation of state borders in the south of the country between Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, which lead to regular minor tensions between the border population and border forces countries. Also, various cultural and sporting events are held among various ethnic diasporas, compactly living in the country, with the aim of strengthening the interethnic unity and friendship between nations. The National Society, through the "Capacity Development of the RCSK" program, integrates the elements of the concept of providing safe access, which contains a set of actions and measures that the National Society must take to attaining problem priorities and responding to the difficulties inherent in the situation in order to reduce and mitigate the risks, with whom it can meet in unstable and unsafe conditions, and also in order to gain the trust and recognition of people and communities that need humanitarian assistance, and also those who control and influence access to them. Within the framework of the program, activities are carried out to train the staff and volunteers of RCSK to work in an unstable and insecure environment, in order to reduce the impact of external factors and continue humanitarian activities in different conditions, including cases of violence.